RDF or Refuse Derived Fuel is produced from combustible components also known as MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) and is a non-renewable energy source.
WHAT IS RDF MADE FROM?
RDF can be made from municipal solid waste (MSW), industrial waste and commercial waste . Specifically, RDF consists of combustible materials such as non-recyclable plastics like MLPs (Packaging materials), paper, cardboard, labels, and other corrugated materials which can be burned to create energy.
COMPOSITION OF RDF
Different processing steps are followed to separate the fractions such as screening, air classification, ballistic separation, separation of ferrous and non ferrous materials, glass, stones and other foreign materials and shredding into a uniform grain size, or also pelletized in order to produce a homogeneous material or like a brick/bailed which can be used as substitute for fossil fuels in e.g. cement plants, lime plants, coal fired power plants or as reduction agent in steel furnaces.
WHY IS RDF A GOOD FUTURE PROSPECT?
RDF helps to divert waste away from landfill. Materials such as non-recyclable plastic, which would sit in landfill sites for hundreds of years , can instead be used in a helpful way to generate renewable heat and power.
This makes RDF a great option for companies who are seeking to be sustainable and eco-friendly . It can be used alongside various other measures to help you achieve zero waste to landfill. For example , food waste can be turned into energy via anaerobic digestion , while other natural materials such as wood can be converted into biomass.
USES OF RDF
The important applications of RDF are found in the following spheres:1. Cement kilns2. RDF power plants3. Coal-fired power plants4. Industrial steam/heat boilers5. Pellet stoves