Aerobic composting is decomposition of organic matter using microorganisms that require oxygen. The microbes responsible for composting are naturally occurring and live in the moisture surrounding organic matter. Oxygen from the air diffuses in to the moisture and is taken up by the microbes. As aerobic digestion takes place the by-products are heat, water and carbon dioxide (CO2). While CO2 can be classified as a greenhouse gas it’s evolution from the composting process is not counted in emissions. Additionally, CO2 is only 1/20th as harmful to the environment as methane (the main by-product of anaerobic degradation).
The heat produced in aerobic composting is sufficient to kill harmful bacteria and pathogens as these organisms are not adapted to these environmental conditions. It also helps support the growth of beneficial bacteria species including psychrophilic, mesophilic, and thermophilic bacteria which thrive at the higher temperature levels.
At EOFPL from start to finish, the aerobic composting process takes only 8-10 days. No leachate is produced as any surplus moisture is extracted as water vapour which can be condensed and used for watering nearby vegetation.
A Glimpse of Compost
Composting is nature’s way of recycling. Composting is a biological degradation process during which conversion of organic matter into simpler units of carbon and nitrogen takes place. The decomposition of organic materials is carried out primarily by bacteria, yeasts and fungi. Other microorganisms such as ants, nematodes and oligochaete worms are also involved in the process of degradation.
City Compost is a unique Bio Organic Soil Enricher manufactured from biodegradable organic substances, mainly of plant origin, through controlled accelerated microbial composting process. It is free from unwanted bacteria/insect eggs, weed seeds and unwanted plant pathogens.
Application of high doses of inorganic fertilizers have caused acidification of arable lands and depleted the beneficial bacteria. The porosity of the soil has decreased, leading to decreased water retention capacity. Root penetration into the soil is hampered. Growth of crop plants is decreased causing less yield per unit area ie. Productivity lowered.