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In last two decades people are seriously considering the environmental and health aspect that is why the demand of organic agricultural produces increasing day by day which promotes the organic farming rapidly in rural areas. Organic farming is defined by scientists like as different methods of farming in which crop residual, cow dung, tree leaves, food wastage and other organic materials has been used as fertilizer for maintaining the soil health, crops health without affecting the natural ecosystem and avoid the application of chemical and synthetic fertilizers . Organic farming is preferred method because in this method soil regain the nutrient whatever the crop have extracted from the soil and always maintain the relationship among soil nutrients, water, agricultural product quality and environment .
Composting is nature’s way of recycling. Composting is a biological degradation process during which conversion of organic matter into simpler units of carbon and nitrogen takes place. The decomposition of organic materials is carried out primarily by bacteria, yeasts and fungi. Other microorganisms such as ants, nematodes and oligochaete worms are also involved in the process of degradation.
Difference between Organic and Chemical Fertilizer
When we talk about fertilizers, we prefer “organic”. Chemical fertilizers unbalance the nutrients. This causes the plants to be unable to fight the attacks of viruses or plagues. Large amount of chemical fertilizers are needed to cover a large area and there is no guarantee that the trees would absorb enough fertilizers to ensure its optimum growth. Furthermore a lot of fertilizers are wasted because it is unable to dissolve.
Organic fertilizer can be easily differentiated with chemical fertilizer:
|Organic fertilizer contains active micro and macro elements such as N, P, K, Mg, Ca, Zn, Mn, C, Pb, As, Humic Acids, Fulvic Acids, Ammonium Nitrate, and etc.||Chemical fertilizer contains N, P, K, and minimum of Mg and Ca.|
|Organic fertilizer contains 8 types of effective microorganisms and enzyme (helping decomposition and produce nutrients)||While chemical fertilizer does not have any effective microorganisms.|
|Organic fertilizer uses quality materials such all parasites, weeds, pathogens in our chicken manure and others.||Chemical fertilizer use kaolin as substances, soil hardens and becomes lack of oxygen after long period of usage.|
|Organic fertilizer nutrients have difficulty in leaking because it is slowly released||In case of chemical fertilizer, nutrients are easily leaked (especially during rainy season and monsoon season).|
|During organic fertilizer, soil becomes more fertile when pH increased to 6-7 and prevents from insect attacks.||The opposite happens during chemical fertilizer; soil becomes acidic and easily attacked by diseases and insects.|
|Organic fertilizers increase yields and quality, fertilizer absorption capacity, prevents and reduces soil erosion.||Increased effectiveness of chemical fertilizer reduces production cost and quality of product.|