Summary of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)

Rapid population explosion has seen a significant increase in MSW. And solid waste management in India has become a major environmental issue.

EOFPL works towards prevention and reduction of waste with its 4R CONCEPT. This is an energy efficient solution rather than just disposing waste by land filling.


Reduction/Waste prevention –  Minimising the use of resources and reducing the quantities.

Reuse – Using products or items again for the same or different purposes.

Recycling – Reprocessing of waste materials for use as a feedstock in the manufacture of the same or

                     a different product. 

Recovery – Obtaining value from wastes by composting, energy recovery or other technologies.


RDF stands for Refuse Derived Fuel. This fuel is produced from combustible components that the industry calls Municipal Solid Waste (MSW).

Refuse derived fuel (RDF) is produced from domestic and business waste, which includes biodegradable material as well as plastics. Non-combustible materials such as glass and metals are removed, and the residual material is then shredded. Refuse derived fuel is used to generate energy at recovery facilities, many of them in Cement industries where they produce energy in kilns. This waste, usually taken from industrial or commercial sites, is shred, dried, baled and then finally burned to produce electricity.

The important applications of RDF are found in the following spheres:

  1. Cement kilns
  2. RDF power plants
  3. Coal-fired power plants
  4. Industrial steam/heat boilers
  5. Pellet stoves